cavalry he commanded. This system worked for some time and thereafter like most other systems, a crisis developed within itself. The Jagirdari System was. Under the Mughal system the mansabdars were either paid their salary in cash or granted jagirs in lieu of that. But the treasury being exhausted. The jagirdari crisis had both an administrative and a social basis. The success of the jagirdari system depended on the ability of jagirdar.
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Jagir – Wikipedia
Thursday, December 22, Jagirdari Crisis. The jagirdari crisis had both an administrative and a social basis. The success of the jagirdari system depended on the ability of jagirdar. The co-relation between the jama and the hasil also depended on a number of factors.
Mughals were able to “persuade” the zamindars of north India, to cooperate in paying the assessed land-revenue. Even then, there was an apparent mismatch between the available resources and the demands of salaries.
Which implied that a mansabdar became even more dependent on the support of the local faujdar for over-awing the zamindar when necessary.
Write short note on jagirdari crisis. –
The attempt to import this system into the Deccan where conditions were vastly different, was arguably the real basis of the crisis. As Bhimsen, who was posted in the Deccan, attest to this fact.
Regarding the lack of military force at the disposal of the jagirdars and faujdars, Bhimsen says that during the last years of Aurangzeb’s reign, except few, no mansabdar maintained more than sawars. The working of the administrative system worsened the situation. The most paying sair hasil jagirs were reserved for the khalisa to meet the cost of the war.
In consequence, the jagirdars were given jagirs in the areas called zor-talab. The growing dysfunctionality was aggravated by the problem of be-jagiri.
Khafi Khan, says of the inadequacy of pai baqi, and the appointment of innumerable mansabdars. With the introduction of the rule of one-fourth and the month scale, the system was no more the efficient state machine as it once was.
The question of frequent transfers among others abused in the working of the system. Failure to meet the expectations of the khanazads undermined the loyalty of the old nobles, and as the system deteriorated, made them look to opportunities for carving out their own spheres of domination.
Athar Ali points out that, Aurangzeb worked with reasonable efficiency the system of administration he had inherited may be readily conceded. But he brought the system under tremendous pressure by his religious and political policies. Also, he took no new initiatives to cope with the emerging administrative and military problems.
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