3rd Year Seminar ReportOn ALCOHOL AS AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL IN I.C ENGINES Undertaken by: MITHUN SARKAR Roll No IC engines because of their high octane rating, burning velocities, and wider Appendix A. Both acts are mandating the procurement of alternative fuel vehicles. Alcohols have been used as a fuel. The first four aliphatic alcohols are of interest as fuels . into its main agenda. Alcohol fuels had become part of five main alternative fuels: Two of which were alcohols; methanol and ethanol.
|Published (Last):||25 September 2012|
|PDF File Size:||1.70 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.50 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Methanol can be produced industrially from nearly any biomass, including animal waste, or from carbon dioxide and water or steam by first converting the ii.c.engines to synthesis gas in a gasifier.
Particulate exhaust emissions were drawn using a special sampling probe. Archived from the original alhernative 28 August What Is the Electric Car? Compared with conventional unleaded gasolineethanol is a particulate-free burning fuel source that combusts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, water and aldehydes.
For instance, a separate survey reports that production of ethanol from sugarcane, which requires a tropical climate to grow productively, returns from 8 to 9 units of energy for each unit expended, as compared to corn, which only returns about 1. Archived from the original on 27 October The Clean Air Act requires the addition of oxygenates to reduce carbon monoxide emissions in the United States.
Archived from the original on 29 September Even with the low energy alcohlo of the fuel, engine power for a given displacement would be about the same. Views Read Edit View history.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The flow through the filter was maintained nearly constant by using an orifice at the outlet of the sampler. The most common methods for achieving dual fuel operation are 1.
University of Illinois Extension. The petroleum industry in Japan is now proceeding with research and development of an original alcohol fuel that differs from GAIAX. The aluminum alkoxide does not make a tight oxide layer; water is essential to repair the holes in the oxide layer.
Alcohols are attractive alternate fuels because they can be obtained from both natural alternativr manufactured sources. Auth with social network: The calculation of exactly how much carbon dioxide is i.cc.engines in the manufacture of bioethanol is a complex and inexact process, and is highly dependent on the method by which the ethanol is produced and the assumptions made in the calculation.
Appropriate technology Clean technology Environmental design Environmental impact assessment Sustainable development Sustainable technology. Archived from the original on 12 February An engine that has been running on gasoline for a long time say 40, miles or more may have a varnish of gasoline impurities coating the fuel system components.
Alcohol fuel – Wikipedia
Methanol and ethanol are also incompatible with some polymers. When it’s E70 with an E85 sticker on it”. It can also be produced in a laboratory using electrolysis or enzymes. The company Energy Environment International developed a method for producing butanol from biomass, which involves the use of two separate micro-organisms in sequence to minimize production of acetone and alccohol byproducts.
Ethanol fuel – Wikipedia
Because alcohol is partially oxygenated, it produces less overall pollution, including ozone. The oil industry originally pushed MTBE as an oxygenate, but it was phased out after discovery that it was causing water pollution problems.
However, its low energy content of The car industry in Japan criticized GAIAX, saying that “fires broke out because high density alcohol had corroded the fuel pipes”.
In other words, for the same energy content as one liter or one gallon of gasoline, one needs 1. Archived copy as title Webarchive template wayback links CS1 Portuguese-language altdrnative pt All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Articles needing additional references from January All alcohok needing additional references Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from Fule Alcohols have an almost invisible flame, which is considered i.c.ebgines when handling fuel.
The addition of ethanol causes the viscosity of diesel fuel to decrease. This is a somewhat misleading and inflammatory statement. But as gasoline and ethanol are already quite toxic, safety protocol is the same.
Grows in tropical and temperate i.c.emgines, but highest ethanol yield estimates assume multiple crops per year possible only in tropical climates. Leon Duray qualified third for the Indianapolis auto race with an ethanol-fueled car. Retrieved 8 May Ethanol fuel energy balance.
A calculation should include:. Ethanol fuel by country. Alcohols have extremely low cetane numbers, whereas the diesel engine is known to prefer 4.
ALCOHOL AS AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL IN I.C ENGINES
Archived from the original on 7 March Retailing of GAIAX was done to avoid the tax evasion criticism by independently paying the diesel fuel tax in the legal system regulations. Glucose a simple sugar is created in the plant by photosynthesis. Two types of second generation processes are under development.